Insecurity and Ethnic Violence in South Sudan: Existential Threats to State?
Author: Jok Madut Jok
Organization: The Sudd Institute
Type: Dialogue briefs
Since South Sudan gained independence a year ago, things have moved very fast, mainly with negative developments overshadowing any positive gains of independence. A few household and community-level assessments and individual opinion polls on political, economic, and social situations have all indicated that the euphoria about the sense of freedom that came with the declaration of independence may be starting to wane across the country.
Jok Madut Jok is cofounder of the Sudd Institute. Born and raised in Sudan, Jok studied in Egypt and the United States. He is trained in the anthropology of health and holds a Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Jok recently joined the Government of South Sudan as undersecretary in the Ministry of Culture and Heritage. He was a J. Randolph Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace and a fellow at the Rift Valley Institute. He is a Professor in the Department of History at Loyola Marymount University in California, from which he is on an extended leave. He has also worked in aid and development, first as a humanitarian aid worker and has been a consultant for a number of aid agencies. He is the author of three books and numerous articles covering gender, sexuality and reproductive health, humanitarian aid, ethnography of political violence, gender-based violence, war and slavery, and the politics of identity in Sudan. His book Sudan: Race, Religion and Violence, was published in 2007. Jok is co-editor of The Sudan Handbook, 2010.