Making Sense of South Sudan’s New Petroleum HSE Management Systems and Plan Regulations
Author: Nhial Tiitmamer
Organization: The Sudd Institute
Type: Policy Briefs
Environmental conditions in South Sudan’s petroleum producing areas have continued to deteriorate. This is demonstrated by recent reports of oil leaks and spills, inappropriate handling of produced water and mud pits, birth defects, people and animals getting sick and dying after drinking water contaminated by petroleum activities (Moro, 2014, Rueskamp et al., 2014, Moro, 2009). In March 2015, South Sudan’s Minister of Petroleum and Mining signed new regulations to implement HSE Management Systems and Plans as stipulated in the Petroleum Act, 2012 to ensure the petroleum industry operate in accordance with international best practices. About a year after the signing of the new regulations and seven months after being launched publicly by the Ministry, the companies have met none of the requirements. The main reasons for non-compliance include inadequate political will, regulatory design and technical constraints. This paper analyses the new HSE regulations, and recommends ways to achieve their successful implementation.
Nhial Tiitmamer is Programme Manager for environmental, energy and natural resources research and as well the Institute’s Focal Point on Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED), a climate change resilience programme being implemented in South Sudan by a consortium composed of The Sudd Institute and five international organizations. Nhial holds a Bachelor’s Degree and a Master of Science in Environmental Studies and Sustainable Energy from the Universities of Alberta and Calgary in Canada where he spent stints as an environmental consultant and research associate in environmental studies. Nhial is the co-founder of the NewSudanVision.com and has extensively commented and written on issues about South Sudan.